Five Amazing War Between The States Facts


1. One-third of the soldiers who fought for the Union Army were immigrants, and nearly one in 10 was African American. The Union Army was a multicultural force-even a multinational 1. We often hear about Irish soldiers (7.five % of your army), but the Union’s ranks included much more Germans (10 %), who marched off in regiments for instance the Steuben Volunteers. Other immigrant soldiers have been French, Italian, Polish, English and Scottish. In reality, one in four regiments contained a majority of foreigners. Blacks have been permitted to join the Union Army in 1863, and a few scholars think this infusion of soldiers may have turned the tide on the war.

2. Both before and throughout the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln stressed to send freed slaves to foreign countries. The policy, referred to as colonization, had been supported by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay-a hero of Lincoln’s-and even Harriet Beecher Stowe, whose protagonists in “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” in the end emigrate in the United states to Africa. In August 1862, Lincoln brought 5 black ministers for the White House and told them that slavery as well as the war had demonstrated that it would be “better for us each, as a result, to be separated.” He wanted to send freed blacks to Central America, even calling for any constitutional amendment authorizing Congress to pay for colonization. But prominent abolitionists for instance Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison have been appalled by the concept. Lincoln never succeeded at gathering assistance for the policy, and following he signed the Emancipation Proclamation he never ever mentioned it publicly again.

3. The Civil War Made a Nation of Addicts. Medical care is among the biggest debates surrounding the Civil War: on a single hand you will discover accounts of unnecessary butchery around the surgical bed, however other people strain that vast healthcare advances had been created throughout the four years of fighting. It really is true that you can find stomach-churning reports of vastly below qualified surgeons amputating too substantially of a limb - a lot to ensure that some soldiers would rather face the battlefield than the hospital. Nonetheless, these reports overshadow the vast healthcare achievements created through the era. One particular pervading myth is the fact that physicians and nurses overprescribed newly accessible anesthesia, causing the reported rise in narcotic addiction at the end with the 19th century. Though the Union alone is estimated to possess administered ten million opium pills and almost 3 million ounces of opium powder, the claim that this was the reason for such an epidemic is much more fiction than truth. Some veterans no doubt created an addiction but these are couple of in quantity - indeed, those who had been addicts have been denied their pension. Rather, the surge in drug use may be blamed on its wider availability, with opium importation quickly escalating within the 1880s and 1890s.

4. Lincoln was shot at-and very nearly killed- nearly 2 years before he was assassinated. Late a single August evening in 1863, right after an exhausting day at the White Home, Lincoln rode alone by horse towards the Soldiers’ Residence, his family’s summer season residence. A private at the gate heard a shot ring out and, moments later, the horse galloped into the compound, with a bareheaded Lincoln clinging to his steed. Lincoln explained that a gunshot had gone off at the foot of the hill, sending the horse galloping so speedy it knocked his hat off. Two soldiers retrieved Lincoln’s hat, which had a bullet hole right by means of it. The president asked the guards to maintain the incident beneath wraps: He didn’t want to be concerned his wife Mary.

5. Before William Tecumseh Sherman was a great Union general, he was demoted for evident insanity. In October 1861, William Tecumseh Sherman, commander of Union forces in Kentucky, informed U.S. Secretary of War Simon Cameron he needed 60,000 guys to defend his territory and 200,000 to go around the offensive. Cameron referred to as Sherman’s request “insane” and pulled the basic from command. Within a letter to his brother, a depressed Sherman penned, “I do think I Should have committed suicide were it not for my children. I do not think that I can again be trusted with command.” But in February 1862, Sherman was reassigned to Paducah, Kentucky, below Ulysses S. Grant, who saw not insanity but competence inside the disgraced basic. Later within the war, when a civilian badmouthed Grant, Sherman defended his friend, saying, “General Grant is a great general. He stood by me when I was crazy, and I stood by him when he was drunk; and now, sir, we stand by each other always.”